As Monsoon Hits Pune, Doctors Voice their Concerns about Waterborne Diseases, Infections

With monsoon comes a series of disease that can make the taste of relief sour, preventive methods and life style changes prescribed by doctors can save the day for “Puneker”

Pune, 22nd June, 2018:  Whilethe other regions in India are in a battle with heat waves, shower clouds havealready covered the Pune sky. The northern parts of the country are reportingheat stroke and summer calamities every day. Meanwhile the monsoon is makingits way through the Konkan region of Western Ghats to Maharashtra.

A few days back Pune recorded a 45-minute-long 19-mmmonsoon shower, bringing a sigh of relief to the people of thecity.   

“It is indeed a much-awaited relief for Punekers. Asmonsoon shows its kind temperament to the western region of the country, thecity also awaits its share of yearly woes due to heavy rainfall. Monsoon is thetime for waterborne diseases like influenza, diarrhoea, cholera, typhoid, viralfever, skin infections and the list goes on. Only preventive methods can savethe charm of rains without medical hazards”, said Dr. Mahesh KumarManohar Lakhe, Consultant - Internal Medicine & Infectious Diseases, Columbia AsiaHospital, Pune.

Poor sewage is inevitable during a heavy downpourgiven the cities civil infrastructure and sewerage system. Pune is one thecities which are prone to water logging, which makes the city vulnerable to ahost of diseases. Some of the common diseases during the season which peopleshould look out for:

Influenza: Is a commoncold and flu characterized by fever and sneezing, stuffy nose, sore throat andhighly contagious as the virus is all in the air. Affect the upper respiratorytract nose and throat.  

Cholera: Thisbacterial disease can be fatal if not treated on time. Contaminated food andwater acts as a great medium for the bacteria to spread and poor hygiene addsto it. A frequent watery stool is a common symptom to look out for.

 Typhoid:  Itis a waterborne bacterial disease caused by food or water which is contaminatedby the faeces of an infected person. Fly is a great transporter of the disease.If infected, the person will have a high fever, nausea, vomiting, and severeheadache. This disease is recurrent in nature as it tends to stay back in thegallbladder even when test reports show “typhoid negative”.

Dengue: It is avirus transmitted by mosquitoes characterized by fever including severe jointand muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion, and rash. Ifnot treated in time may cause haemorrhage and circulatory collapse.

 Malaria: One ofthe most common waterborne diseases during monsoon, malaria, is caused by acertain class of mosquitoes breeding in the dirty water. Water logging duringmonsoon is a great condition for these mosquitoes to multiply in number.

Leptospirosis: It iscaused by dirty water or muck.  Common symptoms of this disease are inflammation,shivers, muscle pain, headache, and fever.

Fungal Infection in Skin: Eczema,ring warm, nail infection are some of the most common fungal infection that ishighly active during monsoon due to dirty water and poor hygiene.

As prevention is more important than cure, it isimportant to keep the following tips in mind:

•Do not wait till situation become shoddier, for anyphysical uneasiness visit the doctor. Remember prognosis increases chances ofcure.

•Avoid eating outside during monsoon, especially fastfood or frozen food. Frozen food is prone to fungal built up leading todiarrhoea or stomach infection.

•Do no compromise hygiene in monsoon. Take a showerafter coming back home with mild soap or dilute disinfectant in bathing water.

•Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids as it keeps thebody hydrated and a good water balance can fight many virus that can createtrouble during monsoon

•Wear rain boot, this will protect the feet fromcoming in touch with polluted water thus preventing fungal infection.

•Use mosquito repellents while going out and mosquitonets at home to avoid dengue malaria. One can take a mild dose of paracetamolonly after consulting a doctor to stay on a safer side.

•Always carry hand sanitizer, use it before eatinganything.

•Carry a bottle of boiled water while going out, avoidhaving water outside or only consume packaged water.

•Do not eat from roadside food joints.

“Only being proactive with precautionary methods caneliminate the chances of bad monsoon experience of contracting an infectionthis rainy season. In case of any symptoms, do consult a qualified medicalpractitioner instead of going for self-medication,” says Dr.Mahesh.

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