Bangalore the hub of girl child labour force in Karnataka
Bangalore, June 11, 2018: A worrying trend has surfaced from the figures released by Government of India on child labor. The state witnessed a steep increase of 56 percent in working children over the last decade as the Census 2011 data suggests. More than 45% of the working children in the state are girls, and the capital city of Bangalore leads the total number of working girls in Karnataka. The state of Karnataka has nearly half a million working children between the ages of 5-14 years which is the school-going age for elementary education.
With around 29069 number of girl children,Bangalore leads the trend followed by the districts of Raichur and Bellary.From the data available it is seen that 80% of child labor in India isconcentrated in rural regions, however Karnataka has shown a growth indicatingthat urban centers supporting child labour to a greater extent.
Lack of education, poverty and a hope of betterlivelihood are creating a vacuum through which children are moving increasinglyto urban centers.
The top 5districts for working girls between 5-14 years in Karnataka are given below.Together these 5 districts account for 45% of the working girls in the state.
No: of working girls
Gender specific child labour roles findsthat the girl child mostly working in the agriculture, forestry and fishingsectors amounting to almost 62.8 percent. The next highest sectorswith the largest number of working girls is Arts, Entertainment and recreation, Activities of Households asEmployers, Undifferentiated Goods and Services and related sector taking anotherchunk of more than a quarter (27.9 percent) of working girls.
“This is a worrying trend because child labouraccording to the current trend is being supported by the urban sector. We atCRY have a zero tolerance policy for child labour and are working to raisingawareness and facilitating the preventive mechanisms to bring about a sustainedchange and impact,” said Suma Ravi-Regional Director, Child Rights and You (CRY)
In Karnataka, CRY is workingintensively on a targeted 99 villages or slum. CRY has been successful inreaching out to 12832 children between 0-18 years out of which 6312 of them havebeen girl children in the last one year.
CRY’s experience working on the issue for along time shows that under the purview of labour all children might not becovered due to exemptions in law, lack of societal willingness to come anddiscuss about this issue and unavailability of a child due to their longengagements with work and study making the data an indication than an actualrepresentation of the problem.
10.13 million child laborers are between 5-14years in India (2011 Census data). Child labour in 2011 has decreased by around20% from 2001 Census Figures. When compared with the 2001 figure percentage ofgirls and boys decreased by 23% and 17% respectively in 2011. Children between10-14 years compose 75% of the entire working children in India.
Karnataka is the state with 9th highest no ofworking children, accounting to almost 4.2% of all working children in India