Managing weight crucial to preventing the onset of Type 2 diabetes

Guwahati: According to the statistics, out of the different forms of diabetes, Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases. Research indicates that People who are obese are 3 to 7 times more likely to acquire this condition than those with a normal weight. The risk increases by 20 times in people with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 35 kg/m2.[1] The more fat around the abdomen, the greater the Insulin resistance. This is truer in case of Indians.

Accordingto Dr Nilakshi DekaEndocrinologist, Apollo Hospital,Guwahati “the leading trigger for Type 2 diabetes inIndians is obesity”.

Type 2diabetes begins as insulin resistance, a disorder in which the cells do not useinsulin properly. With the increase in need for insulin, the pancreas graduallyloses its ability to produce insulin. Irrespective of a person’s age, the riskof type 2 diabetes rises with increasing body weight.

Speakingfurther about this, Dr Deka said, “Themost important step in preventing Type 2 diabetes is a reduction in weight.Those who are obese should aim at limiting the intake of simple sugars such asbread, rice, sweetened drinks, pasta, potatoes, and sweet potatoes. This isbecause simple carbohydrates increase blood sugar levels and the production ofinsulin. In people with insulin resistance, this surge in insulin levels canlead to further weight gain. The goal for physical activity should be about 30to 45 minutes, five times a week.”

Even a 5%reduction in body weight combined with regular to moderate intensity exercisecan reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes by more than 50%.[2] People withoutdiabetes and those with risk factors should also focus on consuming a healthydiet and maintain an ideal BMI to prevent the onset of Type 2 diabetes.

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