30-July-2018: Bengaluru: Although monsoon is the most awaited season of the year, it brings with it, a lot of illnesses and infections. One of the most prevalent monsoon diseases is gastroenteritis. During monsoons, water logging and overflow of sewage lines spread the bacterium. Flies and other pests also act as the spread agents of the infection. "If a person consumes food or drink water that has come in contact with infectious bacteria and pests, it may cause gastroenteritis. Consumption of such food and water contaminated with bacteria, toxins and parasites can lead to gastroenteritis", informs Ms Kanchan Naikawadi, Preventive Healthcare Specialist, Indus Health Plus.

Gastroenteritis infection leads to irritation and inflammation of the inner lining of the stomach causing swelling. An infected patient suffers from acute diarrhoeaand vomiting. Some of the most common symptoms include - severe diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain, cramps and dehydration which can be noticed in about 24 to 48 hours.

The condition if not treated properly in time, can lead to more serious problems like kidney complications. It is, therefore, always recommended to visit a doctor for proper diagnosis and medication.

Here are some things you can do to keep gastroenteritis at bay:

1.Always make sure you wash your hands properly after using the restroom, especially if you use a common restroom, either at work or any other place.

2.Keep your surroundings clean. Sterilize surfaces like table tops, door handles etc. with bleach based cleaner.

3.Always drink water which is properly boiled and treated with chlorine.

4.Avoid eating food prepared at roadside stalls or places which are unhygienic.

5.Avoid eating undercooked or raw fish.

6. Avoid fruits which are pre-cut and available on street. Have fresh fruits which are washed, peeled and cut by you.

7.Remove your footwear outside your house to avoid bacteria carrying puddles into your home.

8.If you get soaked in the rain and walk in puddles of rain water, wash your hands and feet well as and when you get the chance to order to minimize the transmission of the bacteria through inanimate objects.

9.Before using your computer or laptop clean your keyboard and mouse well as they are common agents that can spread the bacterium.

10.As excessive stress lowers down one's immunity and increases the chance of becoming prone to constricting diseases so practice yoga or exercise daily to balance your stress levels.

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