Rural Karnartaka indicates a change for the working girl child in the state
Bangalore, March 06, 2018: According to the latest available figure released by government instances of child labor in Karnataka has reduced by 49 percent. This wave of change is been led by rural Karnataka with almost 56 percent of decline in terms of child labour instances in that sector. However nearly 2 million girl child in Karnataka are battling their childhood consumed by the agriculture, forest and in urban set-ups. The fight against child labour needs to continue till we can ensure right of childhood for the last child of our nation and mitigate this problem completely.
Genderspecific child labour roles see a girl child mostly working in the agriculture,forestry and fishing sectors amounting to almost 62.8 percent. The next highest sectors with thelargest number of working girls is Arts, Entertainment and recreation,Activities of Households as Employers, Undifferentiated Goods and Services andrelated sector taking another chunk of more than a quarter (27.9 percent) ofworking girls.
ChildRights and You (CRY)has been one of strongest voices for children and working in tandem with localbodies to ensure that this problem can be fought. Raichur which is secondin terms of total number of working girls fall among CRY’s intervention areawhere the organization has been working to bring long terms sustained changes.
InKarnataka, CRY is working intensively on a targeted 99 villages or slum areasout of which 52 of them are in Raichur. CRY has been successful in reaching outto 12882 children between 0-18 years out of which 6312 of them are girls in thelast one year.
In thedomain of CRY’s working area there are still 1050 number of children engaged inchild labour activities and 127 of them are from the troubled district ofRaichur where instances of girl children working are more
CRY believesin long term and sustainable change. Spreading awareness and convincing thefamily on the importance of education and thereby discouraging them fromengaging their child from any form of labour is the first layer of intervention.This is circumferenced by promoting education in the area. From upgradingexisting schools to setting up of schools in that area is taken with utmostimportance. Also, providing services like transport and tracking of familiesfrom a door-to-door approach is been taken up to ensure positive results.
CRY’sexperience working on the issue for a long time shows that under the purview oflabour all children might not be covered due to exemptions in law, lack ofsocietal willingness to come and discuss about this issue and unavailability ofa child due to their long engagements with work and study making the data anindication than an actual representation of the problem.
At CRY wedon’t segregate children in terms of age and have a no-tolerance attitude towardschild labour. Our experience shows that lot of instances of child labour gounnoticed. There are children who are working before and after going to schooland thus being exposed to unparalleled mental and physical strain. We need toprovide education and bring awareness within the family bring a systematicchange,” said Suma Ravi,
RegionalDirector of Child Rights and You (CRY).
In thehindsight, there is another worrying trend that shows child labour in Karnatakais becoming increasingly urbanized, with a close to 56 percent increase in girls engaged in labour activities over the last decade2001-2011. The worrisome data is backed by the highest number of girlchild working being from Bangalore.
The top 5districts for working girls between 5-14 years in Karnataka are given below.Together these 5 districts account for 45% of the working girls in the state.
No: of working girls
10.13million child laborers are between 5-14 years in India (2011 Census data).Child labour in 2011 has decreased by around 20% from 2001 Census Figures. Whencompared with the 2001 figure percentage of girls and boys decreased by 23% and17% respectively in 2011 .
Karnataka isthe state with 9th highest no of working children, accounting to almost 4.2% ofall working children in India